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Spatiotemporal distribution of magmatism and crustal inheritance within an extensional–rotational environment: an updated geochronology of the Miocene and Quaternary magmatism of the South Apuseni Mountains

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posted on 2024-02-14, 12:59 authored by VV Ene, S Tapster, DJ Smith, C Panaiotu, E Roșu, J Naden, M Munteanu
Magmatism with arc-like features, formed in extensional settings, was active in the South Apuseni Mountains, Romania, during the Neogene and Quaternary periods. To date the chronological framework is primarily restricted to K-Ar dates. We present newly determined LA-ICP-MS U-Pb zircon age data for subvolcanic and volcanic rocks (N=20) from 8 different Cenozoic volcanic-intrusive complexes and from Jurassic and Cretaceous lava flows. Our results support magmatic ages between c. 14 to c. 7 Ma, with Uroi, an alkaline intrusion, occurring significantly later at c. 1.5 Ma. Revising the timeline for the South Apuseni Mountains paleomagnetic rotations shows that most of the vertical-axis clockwise rotation of the Apuseni Mountains (54.4° ± 10.7°) took place between approximately 14 and 11 Ma, the age interval when the majority of magmas were emplaced. Xenocrystic zircon dates exhibit differences in age populations between individual volcanic-intrusive complexes. A Permo-Triassic population is almost ubiquitous, indicating that basement Permo-Triassic igneous rocks are more widespread than previously thought or that they were significantly involved in the generation of Neogene magmas. However, other observed age populations, such as Triassic or Paleogene have no clear correspondence in the known geological record, indicating the presence of a cryptic component interacting with Neogene magmas. Supplementary material: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6951429

History

Author affiliation

School of Geography, Geology and the Environment, University of Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Journal of the Geological Society

Volume

181

Issue

2

Publisher

Geological Society of London

issn

0016-7649

eissn

2041-479X

Copyright date

2024

Available date

2024-02-14

Language

en

Deposited by

Dr Daniel Smith

Deposit date

2024-02-05

Data Access Statement

Full analytical details and age calculations for the U–Pb age data collected during this study, rock samples and separated zircon fraction descriptions and the palaeomagnetic and age databases are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.6951429

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