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Strategy Use in the TOEFL iBT Speaking Test and Academic Classroom

journal contribution
posted on 2018-05-02, 14:36 authored by Jong-il Yi, Glenn Fulcher
Although it is claimed that strategy use is one of the constructs of academic proficiency assessed in the TOEFL iBT, it is not realised in the scoring rubrics (Swain and Huang, 2006; Swain et al, 2009). This study was therefore designed to discover whether strategic competence is evidenced under both TOEFL iBT test conditions and classroom conditions, and whether strategy use in the test is similar to that in academic classrooms. The findings provide evidence to assist the evaluation of the validity claims made by the test designers. In this study learners were asked to undertake parallel tasks under test and classroom conditions. Strategic competence under both conditions was assessed by using stimulated recalls in which students verbalised their use of strategies upon completion of each task. Performance data was then analysed to identify the strategy use verbalised by the students. This triangulation of data makes the study methodologically novel in strategy research, providing greater internal validity to the findings. The study discovered that 84% of strategy types used under the test condition were also used under the classroom condition. While classroom-specific strategies were found where human interlocutors were involved, the percentage was so low as not to be a major cause for concern.

History

Citation

Korean Journal of Applied Linguistics, 2018, 34 (1), pp. 223-252 (30)

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/School of Arts

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Korean Journal of Applied Linguistics

Publisher

NuriMedia Co. Ltd

Acceptance date

2018-03-02

Copyright date

2018

Publisher version

http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE07408278

Notes

The file associated with this record is under a permanent embargo in accordance with the publisher's policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

Language

en

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