Structured group education programme and accompanying mHealth intervention to promote physical activity in women with a history of gestational diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.
Assess effectiveness of a hybrid intervention targeting physical activity in women with prior gestational diabetes.
Randomised controlled trial with parallel arms. 293 women (35.1 ± 5.1 years; 40% ethnic minority) recruited from two hospitals and randomised to routine care or hybrid lifestyle intervention comprising two group sessions and access to a mobile web app. Primary outcome was a change in objectively measured physical activity at 12 months. Secondary outcomes included self-efficacy for exercise, quality of life and anxiety and depression. Linear regression compared outcome measures between groups.
83% of intervention participants attended at least one group session, of who 66% registered to use the app. There was a non-significant increase in physical activity at 12 months (between-group difference of 0.95 mg [95% CI: −0.46 to 2.37]), equivalent to approximately 500 steps per day. Intervention participants reported higher self-efficacy for exercise (0.54, 95% CI: 0.05 to 1.102; p = 0.029), lower anxiety (−0.91, 95% CI: −1.74 to −0.09; p = 0.031), and higher quality of life (0.05, 95% CI: 0.004 to 0.09; p = 0.032), compared to controls.
The intervention improved confidence in exercise and quality of life. Further research is needed to improve participant engagement with physical activity interventions in multi-ethnic populations with a history of gestational diabetes.
National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health and Research Care East Midlands
Author affiliationDiabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester
- VoR (Version of Record)