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THESEUS: a key space mission for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics

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posted on 2018-01-17, 09:25 authored by G. Stratta, R. Ciolfi, L. Amati, G. Ghirlanda, N. Tanvir, E. Bozzo, D. Gotz, P. O'Brien, F. Frontera, J. P. Osborne, L. Rezzolla, A. Rossi, E. Maiorano, S. Vinciguerra, C. Guidorzi, A. Drago, L. Nicastro, E. Palazzi, M. Branchesi, M. Boer, E. Brocato, A. Bulgarelli, S. Covino, V. D'Elia, M. G. Dainotti, M. D. Pasquale, B. Gendre, P. Jonker, F. Longo, S. Mereghetti, R. Mignani, C. G. Mundell, S. Piranomonte, M. Razzano, D. Szécsi, M. V. Putten, B. Zhang, R. Hudec, S. Vergani, D. Malesani, P. D'Avanzo, S. Colafrancesco, A. Stamerra, J. Caruana, R. Starling, R. Willingale, R. Salvaterra, U. Maio, J. Greiner, P. Rosati, C. Labanti, F. Fuschino, C. Riccardo, A. Grado, M. Colpi, T. Rodic, B. Patricelli, M. Bernardini
The recent discovery of the electromagnetic counterpart of the gravitational wave source GW170817, has demonstrated the huge informative power of multi-messenger observations. During the next decade the nascent field of multi-messenger astronomy will mature significantly. In 2030s, third generation gravitational wave detectors will be roughly ten times more sensitive than the current ones. At the same time, neutrino detectors currently upgrading to multi km^3 telescopes, will include a 10 km^3 facility in the Southern hemisphere that is expected to be operational during the thirties. In this review, we describe the most promising high frequency gravitational wave and neutrino sources that will be detected in the next two decades. In this context, we show the important role of the Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS), a mission concept proposed to ESA by a large international collaboration in response to the call for the Cosmic Vision Programme M5 missions. THESEUS aims at providing a substantial advancement in early Universe science as well as playing a fundamental role in multi-messenger and time-domain astorphysics. It will operate in strong sinergy with future gravitational wave and neutrino detectors as well as major ground- and space-based telescopes. This review is an extension of the THESEUS white paper (Amati et al., 2017), in light of the discovery of GW170817/GRB170817A that was announced on October 16th, 2017.

History

Citation

Advances in Space Research, 2018, 62(3), pp. 662-682

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING/Department of Physics and Astronomy

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Advances in Space Research

Publisher

Elsevier, Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)

issn

0273-1177

eissn

1879-1948

Copyright date

2018

Available date

2019-05-17

Publisher version

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273117718303284

Notes

Submitted to Advances in Space Research. Details on the THESEUS instrumentation, science case and expected performances can also be found in Amati et al. 2017 (arXiv:1710.04638) and in the presentations of the THESEUS Workshop 2017 (http://www.isdc.unige.ch/theseus/workshop2017-programme.html). v2 few typos corrected;The file associated with this record is under embargo until 12 months after publication, in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

Language

en

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