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The Effect of Non-Pharmacological and Pharmacological Interventions on Measures Associated with Sarcopenia in End-Stage Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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posted on 2022-05-20, 11:04 authored by Daniel March, Thomas Wilkinson, Thomas Burnell, Roseanne Billany, Katherine Jackson, Luke Baker, Amal Thomas, Katherine Robinson, Emma Watson, Matthew Graham-Brown, Arwel Jones, James Burton

This systematic review and meta-analysis provides a synthesis of the available evidence for the effects of interventions on outcome measures associated with sarcopenia in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Thirteen databases were searched, supplemented with internet and hand searching. Randomised controlled trials of non-pharmacological or pharmacological interventions in adults with ESKD were eligible. Trials were restricted to those which had reported measures of sarcopenia. Primary outcome measures were hand grip strength and sit-to-stand tests. Sixty-four trials were eligible (with nineteen being included in meta-analyses). Synthesised data indicated that intradialytic exercise increased hand grip strength (standardised mean difference, 0.58; 0.24 to 0.91; p = 0.0007; I2 = 40%), and sit-to-stand (STS) 60 score (mean difference, 3.74 repetitions; 2.35 to 5.14; p < 0.001; I2 = 0%). Intradialytic exercise alone, and protein supplementation alone, resulted in no statistically significant change in STS5 (−0.78 s; −1.86 to 0.30; p = 0.16; I2 = 0%), and STS30 (MD, 0.97 repetitions; −0.16 to 2.10; p = 0.09; I2 = 0%) performance, respectively. For secondary outcomes, L-carnitine and nandrolone-decanoate resulted in significant increases in muscle quantity in the dialysis population. Intradialytic exercise modifies measures of sarcopenia in the haemodialysis population; however, the majority of trials were low in quality. There is limited evidence for efficacious interventions in the peritoneal dialysis and transplant recipient populations.

History

Citation

Nutrients 2022, 14(9), 1817; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091817

Author affiliation

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Nutrients

Volume

14

Issue

9

Pagination

1817

Publisher

MDPI AG

issn

2072-6643

Acceptance date

2022-04-14

Copyright date

2022

Available date

2022-05-20

Language

en

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