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The Effect of Violence on Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Brazil

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-12-18, 10:46 authored by M. Foureaux Koppensteiner, M. Manacorda
This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics on births and deaths between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence – measured by homicide rates – on birth outcomes. The estimates show that exposure to violence during the first trimester of pregnancy leads to a small but precisely estimated increase in the risk of low birthweight and prematurity. Effects are found both in small municipalities, where homicides are rare, and in large municipalities, where violence is endemic, and are particularly pronounced among children of poorly educated mothers, implying that violence compounds the disadvantage that these children already suffer as a result of their households' lower socioeconomic status.

History

Citation

Journal of Development Economics, 2016, 119, pp. 16-33

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/Department of Economics

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Journal of Development Economics

Publisher

Elsevier

issn

0304-3878

Acceptance date

2015-08-25

Copyright date

2015

Available date

2018-11-28

Publisher version

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304387815001297

Notes

This paper is accepted subject to minor revisions. The file associated with this record is under a 36-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at https://www.elsevier.com/about/company-information/policies/sharing. The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.

Language

en

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