University of Leicester
The UK Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Outcome (OHCAO) project.pdf (1.42 MB)

The UK Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Outcome (OHCAO) project.

Download (1.42 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-10-14, 09:26 authored by Gavin D. Perkins, Samantha J. Brace-McDonnell, OHCAO Project Group
INTRODUCTION: Reducing premature death is a key priority for the UK National Health Service (NHS). NHS Ambulance services treat approximately 30 000 cases of suspected cardiac arrest each year but survival rates vary. The British Heart Foundation and Resuscitation Council (UK) have funded a structured research programme--the Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest Outcomes (OHCAO) programme. The aim of the project is to establish the epidemiology and outcome of OHCA, explore sources of variation in outcome and establish the feasibility of setting up a national OHCA registry. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective observational study set in UK NHS Ambulance Services. The target population will be adults and children sustaining an OHCA who are attended by an NHS ambulance emergency response and where resuscitation is attempted. The data collected will be characterised broadly as system characteristics, emergency medical services (EMS) dispatch characteristics, patient characteristics and EMS process variables. The main outcome variables of interest will be return of spontaneous circulation and medium-long-term survival (30 days to 10-year survival). ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics committee permissions were gained and the study also has received approval from the Confidentiality Advisory Group Ethics and Confidentiality committee which provides authorisation to lawfully hold identifiable data on patients without their consent. To identify the key characteristics contributing to better outcomes in some ambulance services, reliable and reproducible systems need to be established for collecting data on OHCA in the UK. Reports generated from the registry will focus on data completeness, timeliness and quality. Subsequent reports will summarise demographic, patient, process and outcome variables with aim of improving patient care through focus quality improvement initiatives.


Funding for this project has been provided by the Resuscitation Council (UK), British Heart Foundation and University of Warwick. SJB-M is supported by a NIHR Clinical Doctoral Training Fellowship.



BMJ Open 2015;5:e008736.

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES/School of Medicine/Department of Cardiovascular Sciences


  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

BMJ Open 2015;5:e008736.


BMJ Publishing Group



Acceptance date


Copyright date


Available date


Publisher version


This web only file has been produced by the BMJ Publishing Group from an electronic file supplied by the author(s) and has not been edited for content. Data supplement 1 - Online supplement