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The first nova eruption in a novalike variable: YZ Ret as seen in X-rays and γ-rays

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posted on 2024-03-26, 15:55 authored by KV Sokolovsky, KL Li, R Lopes De Oliveira, JU Ness, K Mukai, L Chomiuk, E Aydi, E Steinberg, I Vurm, BD Metzger, AN Babul, A Kawash, JD Linford, T Nelson, KL Page, MP Rupen, JL Sokoloski, J Strader, D Kilkenny

Peaking at 3.7 mag on 2020 July 11, YZ Ret was the second-brightest nova of the decade. The nova's moderate proximity (2.7 kpc, from Gaia) provided an opportunity to explore its multiwavelength properties in great detail. Here, we report on YZ Ret as part of a long-term project to identify the physical mechanisms responsible for high-energy emission in classical novae. We use simultaneous Fermi/LAT and NuSTAR observations complemented by XMM-Newton X-ray grating spectroscopy to probe the physical parameters of the shocked ejecta and the nova-hosting white dwarf. The XMM-Newton observations revealed a supersoft X-ray emission which is dominated by emission lines of C v, C vi, N vi, N vii, and O viii rather than a blackbody-like continuum, suggesting CO-composition of the white dwarf in a high-inclination binary system. Fermi/LAT-detected YZ Ret for 15 d with the ?-ray spectrum best described by a power law with an exponential cut-off at 1.9 ± 0.6 GeV. In stark contrast with theoretical predictions and in keeping with previous NuSTAR observations of Fermi-detected classical novae (V5855 Sgr and V906 Car), the 3.5-78-keV X-ray emission is found to be two orders of magnitude fainter than the GeV emission. The X-ray emission observed by NuSTAR is consistent with a single-temperature thermal plasma model. We do not detect a non-thermal tail of the GeV emission expected to extend down to the NuSTAR band. NuSTAR observations continue to challenge theories of high-energy emission from shocks in novae.

History

Author affiliation

School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Volume

514

Issue

2

Pagination

2239 - 2258

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)

issn

0035-8711

eissn

1365-2966

Copyright date

2022

Available date

2024-03-26

Language

en

Data Access Statement

The processed data underlying this work are available at the request to the first author. The raw data are publicly available at NuSTAR, XMM–Newton, and Fermi science archives.

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