Highton PINK 2019.pdf (367.76 kB)
The influence of acute moderate-to-high intensity aerobic exercise on markers of immune function and microparticles in renal transplant recipients.
journal contributionposted on 2020-03-06, 11:15 authored by Patrick J. Highton, Alice E. M. White, Daniel G. D. Nixon, Thomas J. Wilkinson, Jill Neale, Naomi Martin, Nicolette C. Bishop, Alice C. Smith
Renal transplant recipients (RTRs) and non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD) patients display elevated circulating microparticle (MP) counts, whilst RTRs display immunosuppression-induced infection susceptibility. The impact of aerobic exercise on circulating immune cells and microparticles is unknown in RTRs. Fifteen RTRs (age 52.8±14.5 years, estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 51.7±19.8 ml/min/1.73m2 [mean ± SD]), 16 ND-CKD patients (54. ± 6.3 years, eGFR 61.9±21.0 ml/min/1.73m2, acting as a uremic control group), and 16 HCs (52.2±16.2 years, eGFR 85.6±6.1 ml/min/1.73m2) completed 20 minutes of walking at 60-70% VO2 peak. Venous blood samples were taken pre, post, and 1h post-exercise. Leukocytes and MPs were assessed using flow cytometry. Exercise increased classical (p = 0.001) and non-classical (p = 0.002) monocyte subset proportions but decreased the intermediate subset (p < 0.001) in all groups. Exercise also decreased the percentage of platelet-derived MPs that expressed tissue factor (TF+) in all groups (p = 0.01), though no other exercise-dependent effects were observed. The exercise-induced reduction in intermediate monocyte percentage suggests an anti-inflammatory effect, though this requires further investigation. The reduction in the percentage of TF+ platelet-derived MPs suggests reduced pro-thrombotic potential, though further functional assays are required. Exercise did not cause aberrant immune cell activation, suggesting its safety from an immunological standpoint (ISRCTN38935454).
CitationAm J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2020 Jan 1;318(1):F76-F85
Author affiliationDepartment of Health Science
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)