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The role of diet and nutrition in the management of COPD.

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posted on 2023-12-21, 10:33 authored by Rosanne JHCG Beijers, Michael C Steiner, Annemie MWJ Schols
In 2014, the European Respiratory Society published a statement on nutritional assessment and therapy in COPD. Since then, increasing research has been performed on the role of diet and nutrition in the prevention and management of COPD. Here, we provide an overview of recent scientific advances and clinical implications. Evidence for a potential role of diet and nutrition as a risk factor in the development of COPD has been accumulating and is reflected in the dietary patterns of patients with COPD. Consuming a healthy diet should, therefore, be promoted in patients with COPD. Distinct COPD phenotypes have been identified incorporating nutritional status, ranging from cachexia and frailty to obesity. The importance of body composition assessment and the need for tailored nutritional screening instruments is further highlighted. Dietary interventions and targeted single or multi-nutrient supplementation can be beneficial when optimal timing is considered. The therapeutic window of opportunity for nutritional interventions during and recovering from an acute exacerbation and hospitalisation is underexplored.

History

Citation

Beijers RJHCG, Steiner MC, Schols AMWJ. The role of diet and nutrition in the management of COPD. Eur Respir Rev 2023; 32: 230003

Author affiliation

Department of Respiratory Sciences, University of Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

European respiratory review : an official journal of the European Respiratory Society

Volume

32

Issue

168

Pagination

230003

Publisher

European Respiratory Society (ERS)

issn

0905-9180

eissn

1600-0617

Acceptance date

2023-03-27

Copyright date

2023

Available date

2023-12-21

Spatial coverage

England

Language

eng

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