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Trump, Bolsonaro, and the Framing of the COVID-19 Crisis: How Political Institutions Shaped Presidential Strategies

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-02-02, 15:28 authored by Daniel Beland, Philip Rocco, Catarina Ianni Segatto, Alexander Waddan
In the aftermath of the global COVID-19 crisis, whereas many world leaders enacted swift lockdown orders and robust testing regimes to preserve public health and to speed up economic recovery, Donald Trump in the United States and Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil responded to outbreaks by publicly downplaying the significance of the crisis and argued that overly restrictive health measures would create too sizable an economic risk. These two presidents have done much to weaken democracy and trust in government. In this article, we examine the extent to which two institutions in each country––federalism and the party system––impacted the ways in which they framed the COVID-19 crisis and policy responses to it in 2020, especially during the first months of the pandemic. Our evidence suggests that each of these institutions provided opportunities for both leaders to reconstruct public understandings of the crisis while deflecting blame for negative public-health outcomes.

History

Citation

World Affairs, Volume: 184 issue: 4, page(s): 413-440

Author affiliation

School of History, Politics and International Relations

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

World Affairs

Volume

184

Issue

4

Pagination

413-440

Publisher

SAGE Publications

issn

0043-8200

eissn

1940-1582

Acceptance date

2021-09-27

Copyright date

2021

Available date

2022-02-02

Language

en

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