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Varying linear polarisation in the dust-free GRB 210610B

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posted on 2024-03-11, 10:32 authored by JF Agüí Fernández, A. de Ugarte Postigo, C. C. Thone, S. Kobayashi, A. Rossi, K. Toma, M. Jelínek, D. A. Kann, S. Covino, K. Wiersema, D. Hartmann, P. Jakobsson, A. Martin-Carrillo, A. Melandri, M. De Pasquale, G. PuglieseG. Pugliese, S. Savaglio, Rhaana Starling, J. Štrobl, M. Della Valle, S. de Wet, Tayyaba ZafarTayyaba Zafar

Long gamma ray bursts (GRBs) are produced by the collapse of some very massive stars, which emit ultra-relativistic jets. When the jets collide with the interstellar medium they decelerate and generate the so-called afterglow emission, which has been observed to be polarised. In this work we study the polarimetric evolution of GRB 210610B afterglow, at z=1.1341. This allows to evaluate the role of geometric and/or magnetic mechanisms in the GRB afterglow polarisation. We observed GRB 210610B using imaging polarimetry with CAFOS on the 2.2 m Calar Alto Telescope and FORS2 on the 4 × 8.1 m Very Large Telescope. Complementary optical spectroscopy was obtained with OSIRIS on the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias. We study the GRB light-curve from X-rays to optical bands and the Spectral Energy Distribution (SED). This allows us to strongly constrain the line-of-sight extinction. Finally, we study the GRB host galaxy using optical/NIR data to fit the SED and derive its integrated properties. GRB 210610B had a bright afterglow with a negligible line-of-sight extinction. Polarimetry was obtained at three epochs: during an early plateau phase, at the time when the light curve breaks, and after the light curve steepened. We observe an initial polarisation of ∼4% that goes to zero at the time of the break, and then increases again to ∼2% with a change of the position angle of 54±9 deg. The spectrum show features with very low equivalent widths, indicating a small amount of material in the line-of-sight within the host. The lack of dust and the low amount of material on the line-of-sight to GRB 210610B allow us to study the intrinsic polarisation of the GRB optical afterglow. We find the GRB polarisation signals are consistent with ordered magnetic fields in refreshed shock or/and hydrodynamics-scale turbulent fields in the forward shock.

History

Author affiliation

College of Science & Engineering/Physics & Astronomy

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Astronomy and Astrophysics

Publisher

EDP Sciences

issn

1432-0746

Copyright date

2024

Available date

2024-03-11

Publisher DOI

Language

en

Publisher version

Deposited by

Dr Rhaana Starling

Deposit date

2024-03-10

Rights Retention Statement

  • No

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