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Violent and non-violent crimes against sex workers: The influence of the sex market on reporting practices in the United Kingdom

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posted on 2018-06-05, 13:44 authored by Laura Connelly, Daiga Kamerāde, Teela Sanders
Previous research has shown that sex workers experience extremely high rates of victimization but are often reluctant to report their experiences to the police. This paper explores how the markets in which sex workers operate in the United Kingdom impact upon the violent and non-violent crimes they report to a national support organization and their willingness to report victimization to the police. We use a secondary quantitative data analysis of 2,056 crime reports submitted to the UK National Ugly Mugs (NUM) scheme between 2012 and 2016. The findings indicate that although violence is the most common crime type reported to NUM, sex workers operating in different markets report varying relative proportions of different types of victimization. We also argue that there is some variation in the level of willingness to share reports with the police across the different sex markets, even when the type crime, presence of violence, and other variables are taken into account. Our finding that street sex workers are most likely to report victimization directly to the police challenges previously held assumptions that criminalization is the key factor preventing sex workers from engaging with the police.

History

Citation

Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2018

Author affiliation

/Organisation/COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, ARTS AND HUMANITIES/Department of Criminology

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Published in

Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Publisher

SAGE Publications (UK and US)

issn

0886-2605

eissn

1552-6518

Acceptance date

2018-05-09

Copyright date

2018

Available date

2018-09-06

Publisher version

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260518780782

Language

en

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