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Fogg_et_al_JGR_Pressure_Pulses_2023.pdf (3.46 MB)

Why Are Some Solar Wind Pressure Pulses Followed by Geomagnetic Storms?

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-11, 13:47 authored by AR Fogg, CM Jackman, I Coco, L Douglas Rooney, DM Weigt, M Lester
Rapid increases in solar wind dynamic pressure, known as solar wind pressure pulses, compress the Earth's magnetosphere and can rapidly restructure the electrodynamics within. The propagation of pressure pulse effects into the magnetosphere is known as a geomagnetic sudden commencement (SC). SCs can be further subdivided into compressions which are rapidly followed by a geomagnetic storm (a sudden storm commencement, SSC) and those which are not (a sudden impulse, SI). In this paper, SSCs and SIs are compared and contrasted, and we examine in particular the differences between the pressure pulses that drive SSCs/SIs, and explore the physical conditions of the magnetosphere before pressure pulse arrival. Firstly, it is shown that SSCs are more likely to be driven by pressure pulses with higher magnitude and/or shorter rise time. Secondly, the magnetosphere is primed by stronger driving conditions and higher geomagnetic activity prior to SSCs than SIs. Finally, there is a solar cycle dependence in the occurrence and magnitude of solar wind pressure pulses.

Funding

Irish Research Council Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellowship. Grant Number: GOIPD/2022/782

Science Foundation Ireland. Grant Number: 18/FRL/6199

European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. Grant Number: 952439

ESA OSIP Nanosats for Spaceweather Campaign. Grant Number: AO 2-1927/22/NL/GLC/ov

A Consolidated Grant Proposal for Solar and Planetary Science at the University of Leicester, 2022 - 2025

Science and Technology Facilities Council

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History

Author affiliation

School of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Published in

Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

Volume

128

Issue

8

Publisher

American Geophysical Union

issn

2169-9380

eissn

2169-9402

Copyright date

2023

Available date

2024-01-11

Language

en

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