dp11-01.pdf (186.39 kB)
Government Ownership of Banks, Institutions and Economic Growth
reportposted on 2011-04-15, 13:19 authored by Svetlana Andrianova, Panicos O. Demetriades, Anja Shortland
We put forward a modern version of the ‘developmental’ view of government-owned banks which shows that the combination of information asymmetries and weak institutions creates scope for such banks to play a growth-promoting role. We present new cross-country evidence consistent with our theoretical predictions. Specifically, we show that during 1995–2007 government ownership of banks has been robustly associated with higher long run growth rates. Moreover, we show that previous results suggesting that government ownership of banks is associated with lower long run growth rates are not robust to conditioning on more ‘fundamental’ determinants of economic growth.