University of Leicester
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A Quantum Langevin Approach to Hawking Radiation

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posted on 2013-06-25, 12:33 authored by Paul Gordon Abel
An investigation of Hawking radiation and a method for calculating particle creation in Schwarzschild spacetime using a quantum Langevin approach is presented in this thesis. In particular we shall show that an oscillator confined to a free-fall trajectory in Schwarzschild spacetime radiates as a result of such motions, and this radiation can be interpreted as Hawking radiation. In chapter 1 we present a literature review of the underlying concept: the Unruh effect. We also present some introductory material pertinent to the calculations. Chapter 2 is concerned with the case of a thin collapsing shell to form a black hole in Schwarzschild anti-de Sitter spacetime. We determine the temperature of the black hole to be T[subscript H] = h(r[subscript h])/4π = κ/2π where h(r[subscript h]) is the factorization of the conformal factor, r is the radial coordinate with the location of the horizon situated atr = r[subscript h], and κ the surface gravity. We also calculate the stress tensor at early and late spacetimes which allows us to calculate the renormalized stress-tensor {T[subscript μν]} which satisfies the semi-classical Einstien field equations. In chapter 3 we examine the case of a harmonic oscillator in 2D Schwarzschild spacetime and we show that the choice of trajectory is responsible for making the oscillator radiate. In chapter 4 we derive a quantum Langevin equation for the oscillator in the Heisenberg picture. By solving this equation using the Wigner-Weiskopff approximation we show that, in the case of an oscillator confined to a free fall trajectory in Schwarzschild spacetime, the oscillator radiates with respect to the Boulware vacuum. In agreement with Hawking[1] we obtain a temperature of the black hole as T = 1/8πM[subscript B]. In chapter 5 we present our conclusions and recommendations for further work.



Raine, Derek; Gurman, Stephen

Date of award


Awarding institution

University of Leicester

Qualification level

  • Doctoral

Qualification name

  • PhD



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