University of Leicester
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An exploration of the relationships between classroom management strategies and teacher efficacy in English and Turkish primary school teachers

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posted on 2014-12-15, 10:43 authored by Meral. Atici
This thesis describes a study of the relationships between self-efficacy in primary school teachers and their classroom management strategies in England and in Turkey. The study includes a survey of 73 Turkish teachers and 51 British teachers in terms of teacher efficacy in classroom management, followed up by observation and interviews with 6 teachers identified as high and 6 teachers as low efficacy. The role of self-efficacy in classroom management is examined through the application of Bandura's (1977, 1986, 1997) self-efficacy approach. A second important part of this study is the investigation of cultural differences between teachers in England and in Turkey with respect to misbehaviour and its management.;The study demonstrated that as teachers felt more efficacious they were more likely to employ effective, long term and positive methods to deal with misbehaviour and, in doing so, to create a more appropriate and orderly learning environment. This then enhanced teachers' confidence and encouraged positive, quality relationships with pupils.;Similarities rather than differences were common in terms of misbehaviour and methods used by both British and Turkish teachers to deal with it. However, some considerable differences existed, suggesting that, in comparison with British teachers, Turkish teachers lacked in familiarity with the concepts of classroom management and discipline in education terms through pre or in-service training and training in the use of systematic management strategies based on certain theoretical roots. A striking difference emerged in the application of discipline policies in the British sample as there are no such policies in the Turkish context.;The development of self-efficacy appeared to result from experience, as a means of seeing positive outcomes of their own behaviour, positive encouragement from parents and the head, observing colleagues and from teacher personality. The findings of the study are discussed in order to formulate implications for teacher training courses and for qualified teachers. Training programmes to enhance self-efficacy in classroom management and discipline are suggested.


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University of Leicester

Qualification level

  • Doctoral

Qualification name

  • EdD



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