University of Leicester
2020WESTHEADJPhD.pdf (2.3 MB)

An investigation of patients admitted to Medium Secure Psychiatric Care over a 30 year period: Examining contemporary admission characteristics, reconviction, mortality and readmission outcomes.

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posted on 2020-07-23, 12:20 authored by Jodie Westhead
The aim of this thesis is to add to the knowledge base surrounding the admission characteristics and outcomes of patients admitted to Medium Secure Psychiatric Care. Outcomes of focus include reconviction following discharge, mortality and readmission to psychiatric care.
The background characteristics of a contemporary cohort of patients admitted to Arnold Lodge Medium Secure Unit between July 1, 2003 and June 30, 2013 were obtained from medical records at Arnold Lodge. External data sources were used to obtain outcome data for this contemporary cohort and a cohort of patients admitted between July 1983 and June 30, 2013. The external sources used were the Police National Computer for reconviction data from the Ministry of Justice, Hospital Episode Statistics from NHS Digital to examine readmission outcomes and mortality data from the Office for National Statistics. This project obtained Section 251 support to permit the processing of confidential patient information without consent.
The contemporary cohort of patients admitted to the unit between July 1, 2003 and June 30, 2013 (n = 314) presented with high levels of criminality and complex mental health needs. Prior to the census date of June 30, 2013, 909 patients were admitted to Arnold Lodge. The average length of follow-up for this 30-year admissions cohort was 13.3 years. Findings indicated that 135 patients had died (14.9%), 61.5% of whom (n = 83) had died from natural causes: 369 patients (43.8%) were reconvicted. Having a higher number of previous convictions and being younger when admitted to Arnold Lodge predicted reconviction following discharge. Five hundred and ten patients (60.1%) were readmitted to a psychiatric hospital at some point during the follow-up period.
Patients discharged from medium secure psychiatric care are at long-term risk of experiencing adverse outcomes. As such, they require ongoing support.



Ruth Hatcher; Martin Clarke

Date of award


Author affiliation

Department of Neuroscience Psychology and Behaviour

Awarding institution

University of Leicester

Qualification level

  • Doctoral

Qualification name

  • PhD



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