University of Leicester
2008tsengwlmphil.pdf (1.78 MB)

Multiple facets of self-esteem: within attribution style, stress coping and forgiveness

Download (1.78 MB)
posted on 2010-03-17, 09:50 authored by Wei-Lin Tseng
Objectives. Empirically investigate the role of self-esteem occurring through an individual’s social perceptions by examining the relationships between multiple facets self-esteem and three optimal function domains (attribution style, stress coping and forgiveness), which are specifically related to positive psychology. Methods. The relationship between uni-dimensional explicit self-esteem (Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale), two-dimensional explicit self-esteem (Self-Liking/Self-Competence Scale) and implicit self-esteem (Implicit Association Test for Self-Esteem) are examined among 591 participants (male = 263, female= 328). The relationships between multiple self-esteem with attribution styles are examined among 206 participants (male= 92, female=114). Both the relationship between multiple self-esteem and coping styles or forgiveness style are examined among 198 participants (88 male, 110 female). Results. Implicit and explicit self-esteem are two different, independent evaluative systems. Both Rosenberg’s global self-esteem and IAT implicit self-esteem are significant predictors of internality and globality dimensions for attribution style, with Rosenberg’s self-esteem having a bigger predictive power than IAT implicit selfesteem. Furthermore, implicit self-esteem is also found to account for the unique variance in stability dimension attribution style. There is no correlation between implicit self-esteem and coping styles, or between Rosenberg’s traditional unidimension self-esteem and coping styles. Nevertheless, the findings show that the two-dimensional explicit self-esteem measurement (SLCS-R) is significantly and positively related to active and effective coping styles (approach coping, emotional regulation coping and reappraisal coping). Self-competence significantly has a stronger predictive power on the approach coping style than self-liking, which is found to account for the unique variance in the reappraisal coping style. Implicit selfesteem plays a critical role in forgiveness, showing that people with high implicit selfesteem find it more difficult to forgive themselves and forgive others, whilst people with high implicit self-esteem seem to be more likely to forgive the situation. Conclusions. These findings extend earlier research by identifying the relationship between explicit and implicit self-esteem, and suggesting that there are different characteristics in an individual’s different self-esteem dimensions that can influence the process of positive outcomes when confronted with in attribution style, stress coping and forgiveness.



Maltby, J.

Date of award


Awarding institution

University of Leicester

Qualification level

  • Masters

Qualification name

  • Mphil



Usage metrics

    University of Leicester Theses


    No categories selected



    Ref. manager