University of Leicester
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Study of Chinese constancy and contingency management

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posted on 2014-12-15, 10:45 authored by Shih-Chiang. Tseng
As we rush headlong into the 21st century, with science and technology making new and almost daily shocks, how do we deal with making decisions How will we manage the future Is the past of any use to us any more This thesis puts managerial techniques into a historical perspective and investigates methods created by Chinese people. Most importantly it shows how the economic future can be confidently addressed by reference to one of the oldest of Chinese classic texts, I-Ching, the Book of Changes. Combining the two apparently conflicting concepts of "Change" and "No Change" I-Ching is shown by the author to have manifold and vital applications in the real world of organisational management. This thesis illustrates the way that any institution can be divided into three levels of management and Jiow these levels can combine with the three basic concepts of Heaven, Humanity and Earth (life) in a way that, in coordination with the "change, no change" awareness of I-Ching, can resolve the problems of any organisation. According to the theory of Change and No Change, "No Change" is to represent the unchanged basic principle. In Chinese style management "No Change" means "to settle other people down", "Change" must be made according to the principles and be regulated. All managerial activities such as planning, organising, leading, control, and training, are considered in detail in the theories of "Change" and "No Change". This thesis posits a managerial approach and understanding that will bring success to an organisation, not only for today but also for tomorrow that awaits us.


Date of award


Author affiliation


Awarding institution

University of Leicester

Qualification level

  • Doctoral

Qualification name

  • PhD



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