University of Leicester
2019KirazSEPhD.pdf (2.11 MB)

Third Party’s Intellectual Property Rights And The Seller’s Liability Under The United Nations Convention On International Sale Of Goods (CISG) And The Sale Of Goods Act (SGA)

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posted on 2019-02-14, 15:56 authored by Serife E. Kiraz
This thesis is a comparative analysis of the provisions on the seller’s duty to deliver the goods free from any third-party intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the United Nations Conventions on the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and the UK Sale of Goods Act 1979 (SGA). As a consequence of technological advancement, there has been an increased observance of the interaction between intellectual property rights (IPRs), which are intangible property rights, and tangible goods. As a result of this interaction, growing numbers of goods, which are either subject to IPRs as a whole or that possess an IP-protected component, have become subject to sales agreements. The circulation of the goods around the world increases the likelihood that third-party IPRs over the goods will be infringed. This risk of infringement also raises the possibility that the application of IP law remedies will prevent the buyer from reselling or using the goods in question. This study is concerned with the question of how the sale of goods is affected by third-party IPRs, and it proposes to undertake a comparative analysis of the provisions that determine the seller’s liability when third-party IPRs arise in relation to goods that are sold under the CISG and the SGA. It seeks to determine which instrument offers sufficient protection that will benefit the buyer. In attempting to reveal the sufficient protection, it also undertakes a comparative analysis of the remedies that are available to the buyer under the CISG and the SGA when third-party IPRs over the goods are raised. With regard to the widely acceptance of the CISG by 89 states, and the dominant role of English law in commercial law and its preference as a governing law to most contracts, it is aimed to determine the differences and similarities between the CISG and the SGA, and the practical consequences of their application to the contracts when third-party IPRs over the goods arise. The thesis will seek to determine if the text of the relevant CISG articles can be improved and will accordingly formulate proposals that work towards this outcome.



du Bois, Francois; Bogusz, Barbara

Date of award


Author affiliation

School of Law

Awarding institution

University of Leicester

Qualification level

  • Doctoral

Qualification name

  • PhD



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